Nigeria – Traveler view | Travelers’ Health | CDC

Cholera

Vaccination may be considered for children and adults who are traveling to areas of active cholera transmission. Areas of active cholera transmission are localized to the states of Abia (last case reported March 2020), Adamawa (last case reported April 2020), Bauchi, Bayelsa (last case reported July 2020), Borno, Ebonyi (last case reported February 2020), Kaduna (last case reported July 2020), Kano, Katsina (last case reported April 2020), Kebbi, Lagos (last case reported August 2020), Ogun (last case reported January 2020), and Rivers (last case reported December 2019) in Nigeria. Cholera is rare in travelers but can be severe. Certain factors may increase the risk of getting cholera or having severe disease (more information). Avoiding unsafe food and water and washing your hands can also help prevent cholera.

Cholera (CDC Book)

Hepatitis A

Recommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older going to Nigeria.

Infants 6 to 11 months old should also be vaccinated against Hepatitis A. The dose does not count toward the routine 2-dose series.

Travelers allergic to a vaccine component or who are younger than 6 months should receive a single dose of immune globulin, which provides effective protection for up to 2 months depending on dosage given.

Unvaccinated travelers who are over 40 years old, immunocompromised, or have chronic medical conditions planning to depart to a risk area in less than 2 weeks should get the initial dose of vaccine and at the same appointment receive immune globulin.

Hepatitis A (CDC Yellow Book)

Dosing info

Hepatitis B

Recommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages to Nigeria.

Hepatitis B (CDC Yellow Book)

Dosing info

Malaria

CDC recommends that travelers going to Nigeria take prescription medicine to prevent malaria. Depending on the medicine you take, you will need to start taking this medicine multiple days before your trip, as well as during and after your trip. Talk to your doctor about which malaria medication you should take.

Find country-specific information about malaria.

Malaria (CDC Yellow Book)

Considerations when choosing a drug for malaria prophylaxis (CDC Yellow Book)

Malaria information for Nigeria.

Measles

Infants 6 to 11 months old traveling internationally should get 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before travel. This dose does not count as part of the routine childhood vaccination series.

Measles (Rubeola) (CDC Yellow Book)

Meningitis (Meningococcal disease)

Recommended for travelers 2 months old or older traveling to Nigeria during the dry season (December to June).

Meningococcal disease (CDC Yellow Book)

Polio

A single lifetime booster dose of Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) is recommended for adults who received the routine polio vaccination series as children; the routine series is recommended for unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated children and adults and those with unknown vaccination status.

Polio (CDC Yellow Book)

Polio: For Travelers

Rabies

Rabid dogs are commonly found in Nigeria. If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other mammal while in Nigeria, there may be limited or no rabies treatment available. 

Consider rabies vaccination before your trip if your activities mean you will be around dogs or wildlife.

Travelers more likely to encounter rabid animals include

  • Campers, adventure travelers, or cave explorers (spelunkers)
  • Veterinarians, animal handlers, field biologists, or laboratory workers handling animal specimens
  • Visitors to rural areas

Since children are more likely to be bitten or scratched by a dog or other animals, consider rabies vaccination for children traveling to Nigeria. 

Rabies (CDC Yellow Book)

Typhoid

Recommended for most travelers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas.

Typhoid (CDC Yellow  Book)

Dosing info (CDC Yellow Book)

Yellow Fever

Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥9 months of age, including transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.1

Recommended for all travelers ≥9 months of age.  

Yellow Fever (CDC Yellow Book)

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